The functions of the National Center for Disease Control and Public Health (NCDC) laboratory include surveillance of

Especially Dangerous Pathogens (EDPs), specifically annual surveillance of natural foci; timely identification of circulating

etiological agents in natural carriers and vectors; activities at seaports and airports to avoid importation of EDPs; and constant

preparedness for outbreaks.

The laboratory ensures maximum protection of personnel and the environment, secure storage of pathogens, accurate and

timely diagnosis of diseases, and timely transfer of test results to ensure appropriate follow-up response.

The laboratory conducts testing of bacterial and viral Especially Dangerous Infections using serology, bacteriology, and

molecular biology methods. These infections include Plague, Tularemia, Anthrax, Brucellosis, and Crimean–Congo

Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF).

There are two natural foci of Plague in Georgia:

1) High mountainous areas of the South Caucasus, situated at approximately >1500 m above sea level. These areas

include the borders with Turkey and Armenia and the Ninotsminda, Akhalkalaki, Dmanisi, and Akhaltsikhe districts.

2) Lowland areas located in the South-East of Georgia including the border with Azerbaijan and Dedoplistskaro, Sighnaghi,

and Gardabani districts.

Districts in South-East Georgia, as well as Shida and Kvemo Kartli Regions are considered to be foci of Tularemia. Anthrax

and Brucellosis. Cases of these diseases have been registered in both East and West Regions of Georgia.

A limited number of cases of CCHF have been registered in Khashuri, Akhaltsikhe, and Aspindza districts.

Various EDP scientific research projects are also conducted at the laboratory in collaboration with U.S. and EU partners.